Maydan Munathara

Maydan Munathara is a Munathara Initiative project in collaboration with Democracy Reporting International (DRI), to promote human rights and strengthen the institutional and non-institutional mechanisms that protect them. The specific goal of the project is to promote and strengthen the voices of youth, women, and marginalized communities (YWM) throughout human rights debates on local and national issues, as well as to raise awareness among local and national communities, civil society, and the government about the human rights issues that are of greatest "common concern" to Tunisian citizens in four regions by organizing round table discussions in cultural venues in four different regions with four different topics. The project will also allow youth to participate through our online platform competition.


Four topics, four Tunisian regions, four human rights, discussed by young people in “Maydan Munathara” Interactive project for young people between the ages of 18 and 35 years old.You can participate in the following competition


Everyone is free to leave any country?

"Everyone is free to leave any country, including his own" The right to move is among the rights of the first generation that we can consider natural rights. Its importance has been underlined through the United Nations General Assembly's International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, specifically article 12 of part III above, and Tunisia joined the Covenant's ratification on 16 December 19 The new Constitution of the Tunisian Republic of 2022 also contains a chapter affirming freedom of movement, under section II, entitled "Rights and freedoms", Chapter 30, paragraph 2, which states "Every citizen is free to choose his residence and to move within the country and has the right to leave". However, despite International treaties, constitutional provisions and the lawfulness of rights, the ground reflected facts contrary to legal documents. We live against a reality in which every natural or moral person defines rights and duties based on self-interest. This contradiction is due to several reasons, perhaps the most important of which are the policies of receiving countries that limit the number of migrants and the criteria for obtaining a visa, which in turn are reflected in the policies of developing countries and their economic and social status and other direct and indirect reasons. These difficult criteria may have affected the escalation of irregular migration, especially as we note the diversity of social groups that illegally migrate the country. According to The latest statistics of September 15th 2022, of the Ministry of Interior, the number of irregular migrants in 2022 who succeeded in reaching the Italian coast was 13,980 Problems with the right to movement are not only at the external level, but also at the national level, citizens suffer from lack of access to movement between governorates, and sometimes within national territories. Root causes start from poor public transport to discrimination in the absence of a clear strategy to guarantee this right, Nevertheless, the Munathara Initiative continues tackling Human Rights issues by organizing a Townhall style live show entitled #The_Right_to_Mobility_and_Migration: Between_Reality_and_legislation


Right to a fair trial

An arsenal of constitutional laws has been ratified by the Tunisian Parliament, including chapters 27, 29, and 108, along with chapter 154 of the Criminal Procedure Code, which should be able to ensure the right to a fair trial for everyone. These laws are based on a commitment to international instruments, which Tunisia abides by, among which we can mention the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Human Rights and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. In spite of this, Tunisian laws are not free of gaps and are not always properly applied, which made the Right to Fair Trials, a violated one, according to testimonies of detainees and their families, and reports of international and national organizations. Since the right to free trial is considered to be an important component of development in Tunisia, our youth will gather around to discuss how far Tunisians enjoy their rights to a fair trial in the framework of Munathara’s newest projects “Maydan Munathara”.


The Right to Water?

The United Nations Development Program states that the right to water entitles everyone to have access to sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible, and affordable water for personal and domestic use. The Tunisian government also guarantees the right to water through articles 13 and 44 of the constitution, and the draft legislation on the publication of the Water Code. Despite all of these legal guarantees, the right to water remains a right that is infringed. Currently, the share of every Tunisian citizen of water does not exceed 400 cubic meters annually, which is about 50 percent less than the amount required per capita according to international standards, which are estimated to be around 750 to 900 cubic meters per capita. Tunisia has witnessed a lack of drinking water in several regions in recent years, and citizens' protests are still ongoing. Since water is a fundamental human right that needs to be protected and guaranteed by the government, a group of young men and women discusses the extent to which the Tunisian citizen enjoys his right to water, in the second episode of Munathara’s newest podcast project, Maydan Munathara.


The right to education

The General Comment No. 13 of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights defines the right to education as: “The principal instrument by which economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves out of poverty and have the means to participate fully in their societies. According to the General Comment NO. 13 of the UNCESC, education is both a human right in itself and an indispensable means of realizing other human rights. As an empowerment right, education is the primary vehicle by which economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves out of poverty and obtain the means to participate fully in their communities. Under Tunisian law, all children have the right to education in accordance with chapter 39 of the 2014 constitution, which guarantees compulsory education up to the age of 16. Nevertheless, Tunisia's education sector is experiencing a severe decline in the quality of the educational system. Tunisia now ranks 84th globally and seventh in the Arab world according to the education quality index of 2021, even though Tunisia used to be the top Arab country. In addition, there is a significant spread of early drop-outs reaching 78 thousands in the late 2019-2020, according to the ministry of Education. The reasons behind this spread are rooted in automatic, legal, familial and societal factors, which are also linked to the deterioration of social, economic and health standards. While other factors can be linked to breaches and shortcomings within the educational system and the school environment. Since education is a fundamental human right, a group of young people gather again in the third episode of the podcast "Maydan Munathara" to discuss the extent to which the Tunisian citizen enjoys the right to education.


The Right to Work?

The recognition of the Right to Work as a basic human right indicates that each individual has the right to work. This maintains that they have the right to participate in the production and service of the activities of the human community, and the right to participate in the benefits derived through such joint activities to the extent that they guarantee an adequate standard of living. Thus, the Right to Work guarantees that no one is excluded from economic life. According to article 40 of the 2014 constitution, “Employment is the right of every citizen, and the government shall take the necessary measures to ensure it on the basis of efficiency and equity. All citizens shall have the right to work in decent conditions and on fair pay. " Nevertheless, Tunisia has seen increased unemployment rates in recent years, with record levels in the first half of 2021, and layoffs as a result of institutional bankruptcy. Since work is a fundamental human right that the government has a duty to guarantee to its people, a group of young men and women will gather to discuss this fundamental right in the fourth episode of Munathara Initiative’s newest project “Podcast Mayden Munathara”.